The Z data edit descriptor transfers hexadecimal (base 16) values. It takes the following form:

Zw[.m]

The value of *m* (the minimum number of digits in the
constant) must not exceed the value of *w* (the field width).
The *m* has no effect on input, only output.

The specified I/O list item can be of type integer, real, or logical.

On input, the Z data edit descriptor transfers *w* characters
from an external field and assigns their hexadecimal value to the
corresponding I/O list item. The external field must contain only
hexadecimal digits (0 though 9 and A (a) through F(f)) or blanks.

If the value exceeds the range of the corresponding input list item, an error occurs.

The following shows input using the Z edit descriptor:

Format Input ValueZ3 A94 A94 Z5 A23DEF A23DE Z5 95.AF2 An error; the decimal point is invalid

On output, the Z data edit descriptor transfers the hexadecimal
value of the corresponding I/O list item, right-justified, to an
external field that is *w* characters long.

The field consists of zero or more blanks, followed by an unsigned integer constant (consisting of hexadecimal digits) with no leading zeros. A negative value is transferred in internal form without a leading minus sign.

If *m* is specified, the unsigned integer constant must have
at least *m* digits. If necessary, it is padded with leading
zeros.

If *m* is zero, and the output list item has the value zero,
the external field is filled with blanks.

The following shows output using the Z edit descriptor (the symbol ^ represents a nonprinting blank character):

Format Value OutputZ4 32767 7FFF Z9 -32767 ^FFFF8001 Z2 16 10 Z4 -10.5 **** Z3.3 2708 A94 Z6.4 2708 ^^0A94

- On the form for data edit descriptors, see Section 11.2.1.
- On general rules for numeric editing, see Section 11.2.2.

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