Compaq PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server)

Compaq PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server)

Server Administrator's Guide

Order Number: AA--R6G6C--TE

October 2001

This guide presents step-by-step procedures for managing and maintaining the Advanced Server. It explains how to complete common tasks, such as managing files and directories, printing, and administering the network.

Revision/Update Information: This guide supersedes the Compaq PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) Server Administrator's Guide, Version 6.0B.

Operating System: OpenVMS Alpha Version 6.2, 7.2-1, 7.2-2, 7.3
OpenVMS VAX Version 6.2, 7.2, 7.3

Software Version: PATHWORKS V6.1 for OpenVMS (Advanced Server)

Compaq Computer Corporation Houston, Texas

© 2001 Compaq Computer Corporation

COMPAQ, the Compaq logo, OpenVMS, PATHWORKS, Tru64, DECnet, VAX, VMS, and the DIGITAL logo are trademarks of Compaq Information Technologies Group, L.P.

Microsoft, MS-DOS, Windows, and Windows NT are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

Intel is a trademark of Intel Corporation.

UNIX is a trademark of The Open Group.

All other product names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.

Confidential computer software. Valid license from Compaq required for possession, use, or copying. Consistent with FAR 12.211 and 12.212, Commercial Computer Software, Computer Software Documentation, and Technical Data for Commercial Items are licensed to the U.S. Government under vendor's standard commercial license.

Compaq shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein. The information in this document is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind and is subject to change without notice. The warranties for Compaq products are set forth in the express limited warranty statements accompanying such products. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty.


The PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) documentation set is available on CD-ROM.

Contents Index


About This Guide

Welcome to the Compaq PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) Server Administrator's Guide. For the purpose of this text, the PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) software is referred to as the PATHWORKS Advanced Server. The PATHWORKS Advanced Server and its associated OpenVMS system platform provide a powerful, reliable, and open operating environment that meets the demands of client/server computing.

The Compaq PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) Server Administrator's Guide presents step-by-step procedures for managing and maintaining the PATHWORKS Advanced Server. It explains how to complete common tasks, such as managing files and directories, printing, and administering the network. Unless otherwise noted, commands used in procedures and examples are PATHWORKS Advanced Server ADMINISTER commands.

Intended Audience

This guide is for the OpenVMS network administrator. As the administrator, you must be familiar with the Compaq OpenVMS operating system to support the server, and with other operating systems to support clients. It is also expected that you have had experience managing an OpenVMS system and doing network administration, and that you are familiar with the specific network configuration being managed.

You are assumed to have read the following product manuals:

If you are upgrading your server from a previous version such as PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (LAN Manager), be sure to follow the procedures in the Compaq PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) Server Migration Guide.

You are assumed to have access to the following documentation:

This guide addresses use of the PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) only.

Document Structure

The following table lists the chapters in this guide:
Chapter Description
Chapter 1 Provides an overview of the responsibilities of a network administrator, the features of a PATHWORKS Advanced Server network, the principles of resource sharing, and the network administration interfaces for administering the PATHWORKS Advanced Server
Chapter 2 Explains how to manage servers and domains with the PATHWORKS Advanced Server software
Chapter 3 Explains how to manage users and groups in the PATHWORKS Advanced Server environment
Chapter 4 Explains how to manage shared disk resources, including directory and file sharing
Chapter 5 Explains how to share printer resources, including printers and print queues
Chapter 6 Explains how to monitor events and troubleshoot your server
Chapter 7 Describes the Configuration Manager tool and how to use it to configure and tune parameters that, for the most part, affect your server's system environment, and the LANMAN.INI file, which stores basic server-specific configuration parameters
Appendix A Describes each of the supported network protocols

Related Documents

The following table lists PATHWORKS Advanced Server documents:
Document Description
Compaq PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) Server Migration Guide Explains how to upgrade a PATHWORKS (LAN Manager) server to PATHWORKS V6 for OpenVMS (Advanced Server)
Compaq PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) Server Installation and Configuration Guide Explains how to install and configure PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) software
Compaq Advanced Server for OpenVMS Concepts and Planning Guide Provides an overview of and introduction to the Advanced Server software and associated networking concepts for system administrators and operators
Compaq Advanced Server for OpenVMS Commands Reference Manual Provides command syntax descriptions for all ADMINISTER commands and NET command equivalents
Compaq Advanced Server for OpenVMS Guide to Managing Advanced Server Licenses Describes the LICENSE SERVER software and how to manage Advanced Server licenses

The following table lists related OpenVMS documents:
OpenVMS Document Description
x New Features and Documentation Overview Manual Describes the new features of the OpenVMS software and provides an overview of the documentation that supports it
x Upgrade and Installation Manual Explains how to install the OpenVMS Alpha system software
x Upgrade and Installation Manual Explains how to install the OpenVMS VAX system software
OpenVMS System Manager's Manual A task-oriented guide (in two volumes) to managing an OpenVMS system; explains how to set up the required system services
OpenVMS System Management Utilities Reference Manual A reference guide (in two volumes) to the utilities and tools used in managing an OpenVMS system
OpenVMS License Management Utility Manual Explains how to load and manage license Product Authorization Keys (PAKs)
Compaq C Run-Time Library Utilities Reference Manual Describes utilities that help you manage localization and time zone data for international software applications

For additional information about the OpenVMS products and services, access the following World Wide Web address: 

Reader's Comments

Compaq welcomes your comments on this manual. Please send comments to either of the following addresses:
Mail Compaq Computer Corporation
OSSG Documentation Group, ZKO3-4/U08
110 Spit Brook Rd.
Nashua, NH 03062-2698

How To Order Additional Documentation

Visit the following World Wide Web address for information about how to order additional documentation: 

If you need help deciding which documentation best meets your needs, call 800-282-6672.


The terms PATHWORKS Advanced Server and Advanced Server are used in this guide to refer to the PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) file and print server.

The following conventions are used in the PATHWORKS Advanced Server documentation:
Convention Meaning
Italic Italic text indicates a placeholder for information or parameters that you must provide. For example, if the procedure asks you to type file-name, you must type the actual name of a file.

Italic text also indicates path names, new terms, and the titles of other documents.

bold Bold text indicates a server configuration parameter name, a command button name, or a menu item.
monospace Monospace text indicates the actual commands, words, or characters that you type in a dialog box or at a command prompt or system output.
UPPERCASE TEXT Uppercase text indicates names of OpenVMS and Advanced Server commands and qualifiers. You can enter commands and qualifiers in any combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, unless otherwise noted.
/ A forward slash in command descriptions indicates that a command qualifier follows.
= An equal sign (=) in command descriptions indicates you must provide information.
[ ] In command format descriptions, brackets indicate optional elements. Multiple elements are separated by vertical bars (|). You can enter as many as you want.
{ } In command format descriptions, braces indicate you must enter at least one listed element. The elements are separated by bars (|).
... A horizontal ellipsis following an entry in a command line indicates that the entry or a similar entry can be repeated any number of times. An ellipsis following a file name indicates that additional parameters, values, or information can be entered.
A vertical ellipsis in an example indicates that not all the data is shown.
Note The use of Note indicates information of special importance.
Caution The use of Caution indicates information to avoid damaging hardware or software.
Ctrl/ x While you hold down the Ctrl key, press another key or a pointing device button.
Return or Enter In text, Return or Enter indicates where you should press the Return or Enter key to execute a command or terminate a sequence. This key is labeled Return or Enter, depending on your keyboard.
[Tab] In examples, a key name enclosed in a box indicates that you press a key on the keyboard. (In text, a key name is not enclosed in a box.)

In the HTML version of this document, this convention appears as brackets, rather than a box.

PF1 x A sequence such as PF1 x indicates that you must first press and release the key labeled PF1 and then press and release another key or a pointing device button.

Chapter 1

The Advanced Server is an OpenVMS-based network operating system (NOS) compatible with Microsoft networking technology. The Advanced Server software provides a flexible system for managing wide area networks (WANs) and local area networks (LANs). The software lets you use Compaq Computer Corporation computers as servers to share network resources with supported clients and is compatible with Windows NT and Windows 2000 servers running in the same network.

As a server for computers in a network, the Advanced Server provides file and print services that enable the efficient sharing of computing resources among a community of desktop users. It can function as a file and print server for a small, isolated community of users or as the foundation of a large network distributed over a wide geographical area.

You can perform Advanced Server management tasks from any client or server that is running Windows NT server administration tools, and from any Advanced Server using the Advanced Server ADMINISTER commands. This document shows you how to manage your servers using Advanced Server software.

This overview of Advanced Server describes the role of the network administrator, and the features available with Advanced Server, in the following sections:

1.1 The Role of the Administrator

When you administer any network, you plan, set up, and maintain that network. For information on planning and design, refer to the Compaq Advanced Server for OpenVMS Concepts and Planning Guide.

To plan a network, complete the following tasks:

After planning your network and putting all hardware and connecting links in place, you install and configure Advanced Server software. You can then use the instructions in this document to customize and manage the server.

1.1.1 Setting Up the Advanced Server Environment

As part of the configuration procedure (PWRK$CONFIG.COM) described in the Compaq PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) Server Installation and Configuration Guide, you can specify parameters to establish your network and server system.

Initial configuration of the server is performed when you install and configure the server software. The configuration procedure, PWRK$CONFIG.COM, allows you to modify the system environment in which the server operates and also to determine the initial server configuration that is stored in the LANMAN.INI file. The PWRK$CONFIG.COM configuration procedure is described in the Compaq PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) Server Installation and Configuration Guide. If you choose to modify the system environment parameters (such as client capacity, OpenVMS process priority, and network transports), the PWRK$CONFIG.COM configuration procedure invokes the Configuration Manager (a character-cell interface). After you finish modifying those parameters and exit from the Configuration Manager, the PWRK$CONFIG.COM procedure then allows you to modify the basic server configuration parameters (such as the server role, cluster alias, and comment string) stored in the LANMAN.INI file.

After completing the configuration procedure, you can modify server parameters directly affecting the server by changing or adding keyword values to the LANMAN.INI file. For more information, see Section 7.3, Using the LANMAN.INI File. You can also invoke the Advanced Server Configuration Manager manually with the ADMINISTER/CONFIGURATION command to modify the server parameters affecting the server system's environment. For more information, see Section 7.2, Using the Configuration Manager.

1.1.2 Administering the Network

Once you have planned and set up your overall network configuration, you support it by performing the following tasks: Maintaining User Accounts, Shares, and Resources

Performing this maintenance includes: Monitoring Events and Troubleshooting Server Problems

You may need to perform certain infrequently used procedures to resolve network problems caused by unexpected conditions; for example, faulty wiring, faulty hardware, or overloaded servers or printers. Advanced Server provides commands and diagnostic tools to help you isolate and fix such problems.

Chapter 6, Monitoring Events and Troubleshooting, describes some ways to monitor and troubleshoot your network.

1.2 The Advanced Server Network

An Advanced Server network consists of computers, both servers and clients. Servers control resources that client systems on the network can use. Clients are typically PC-based systems that need access to resources on the server. Workstations and other computers running networking software that can access network resources can be clients.

Supported client operating systems include Windows 3.11, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows NT, Windows for Workgroups, and MS-DOS. Compaq PATHWORKS 32 client software is supported but not required.

Servers in the network can run the following software:

1.2.1 Domains

To help you manage a large and diverse network, Advanced Server software lets you divide the network into domains, or administrative groups of servers and clients. With domains, control of user access to the network and its resources is centralized and simplified, and you can establish exactly which servers a specific user can access.

A domain is a collection of computers that share a common security accounts database and security policy. You create a domain when you install and configure a primary domain controller. To enable users to access resources in domains where they have no user accounts, you can establish trust relationships between domains. This provides flexibility when configuring large networks with multiple domains. For more information about planning domains, refer to the Compaq Advanced Server for OpenVMS Concepts and Planning Guide. For more information on managing domains, see Chapter 2, Managing Domains and Servers.

1.2.2 Security

Advanced Server provides two security models:

The Advanced Server Only security model provides access based on Advanced Server user account security policies and user access rights on shared resources. The Advanced Server and OpenVMS security model provides access based on both Advanced Server and OpenVMS security policies. The Advanced Server and OpenVMS security model is never necessary to control user access to resources, but is provided to allow administrators of systems with complex OpenVMS security controls already in place to use those same controls to restrict access by client users. Note that use of the Advanced Server and OpenVMS security model results in the extra overhead of validating both the Advanced Server and OpenVMS settings.

1.2.3 Users

A user who needs access to resources shared on a server must have access to one of the following:

The user account, with its associated password, identifies the user to the Advanced Server software. You can enable logon restrictions for each user account; for example, limiting the hours during which the user can access server resources.

By default, a shared resource is available to all users. You can assign access permissions to users for resources, specifying the type of access each user can have to a given resource. You can assign a different set of permissions for each user and for each shared resource. If you use the Advanced Server Only security model, access permissions grant access to OpenVMS files and directories on the server, regardless of the OpenVMS file protections. For more information on the interaction of these two access permissions, see Section 4.1.2,Advanced Server Security Models.

If a trust relationship has been established between two domains, you can grant access to resources for users from the trusted domain. To grant permissions to a user from a trusted domain, include the domain name when you specify the user name. For more information on trust relationships, see Section 2.1.8, Managing Trust Relationships.

Next Contents Index