Advanced Server for OpenVMS

Advanced Server for OpenVMS

Server Administrator's Guide

Order Number: AA--RFM4A--TE

January 1999

This guide presents step-by-step procedures for managing and maintaining the Advanced Server. It describes how to complete common tasks, such as managing files and directories, printing, and administering the network.

Revision/Update Information: This is a new manual.

Operating System: OpenVMS Alpha, Version 7.2

Software Version: Advanced Server V7.2 for OpenVMS

Compaq Computer Corporation
Houston, Texas

First Published, January 1999

Compaq Computer Corporation makes no representations that the use of its products in the manner described in this publication will not infringe on existing or future patent rights, nor do the descriptions contained in this publication imply the granting of licenses to make, use, or sell equipment or software in accordance with the description.

Possession, use, or copying of the software described in this publication is authorized only pursuant to a valid written license from Compaq or an authorized sublicensor.

Compaq conducts its business in a manner that conserves the environment and protects the safety and health of its employees, customers, and the community.

© Compaq Computer Corporation 1999. All rights reserved.

The following are trademarks of Compaq Computer Corporation:

Alpha, Compaq, DECdirect, DECnet-Plus, DECprint, DIGITAL, OpenVMS, PATHWORKS, VAX, VAX DOCUMENT, VAXcluster, VMS, and the Compaq logo.

The following are third-party trademarks:

AT&T is a registered trademark of American Telephone and Telegraph Company.
Apple, AppleShare, LaserWriter, Macintosh, and TRUETYPE are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.
DEC Rdb is a trademark of Oracle Corporation.
Hewlett-Packard, HP, LaserJet, and PCL are registered trademarks of Hewlett-Packard Company.
IBM and OS/2 are registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation.
Microsoft, MS-DOS, and Windows are registered trademarks, and Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
MultiNet and TCPWARE are registered trademarks of Process Software Corporation.
NetBIOS is a trademark of Micro Computer Systems, Inc.
Novell and NetWare are registered trademarks of Novell, Inc.
PostScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective holders.


The Advanced Server for OpenVMS documentation set is available on CD-ROM.

This document was prepared using VAX DOCUMENT, Version V3.2-1n.

Contents Index


Welcome to the Advanced Server for OpenVMS Server Administrator's Guide. For the purpose of this text, the Advanced Server for OpenVMS software is referred to as the Advanced Server. The Advanced Server and its associated OpenVMS system platform provide a powerful, reliable, and open operating environment that meets the demands of client-server computing.

This Server Administrator's Guide presents step-by-step procedures for managing and maintaining the Advanced Server. It describes how to complete common tasks, such as managing files and directories, printing, and administering the network. Unless otherwise noted, commands used in procedures and examples are Advanced Server ADMINISTER commands.

Intended Audience

This guide is for the OpenVMS network administrator. As the network administrator, you must be familiar with the OpenVMS operating system to support the server, and with other operating systems to support clients. It is also expected that you have had experience managing an OpenVMS system and doing network administration, and that you are familiar with the specific network configuration being managed.

You are assumed to have read the following product manuals:

You are assumed to have access to the following documentation:

This guide addresses use of the Advanced Server for OpenVMS only.

Document Structure

The following table lists the chapters in this guide.
Chapter Description
Chapter 1 Provides an overview of this guide.
Chapter 2 Describes how to manage servers and domains with the Advanced Server for OpenVMS software.
Chapter 3 Describes how to manage users and groups in the Advanced Server environment.
Chapter 4 Describes how to managed shared disk resources, including directories and files.
Chapter 5 Describes how to share printer resources, including printers and print queues.
Chapter 6 Describes how to monitor events and troubleshoot your server.
Chapter 7 Describes the Configuration Manager tool and how to use it to configure and tune your server, and describes how to manage server configuration parameters in the OpenVMS Registry.
Appendix A Describes the server configuration parameters in the OpenVMS Registry.
Appendix B Describes each of the supported network protocols.

Related Documents

The following table lists Advanced Server documents.
Document Description
Advanced Server for OpenVMS Commands Reference Manual Provides command syntax descriptions for all ADMINISTER commands and NET command equivalents.
Advanced Server for OpenVMS Server Installation and Configuration Guide Explains how to install and configure Advanced Server software.
Advanced Server for OpenVMS Concepts and Planning Guide Provides an overview of and introduction to the Advanced Server software and associated networking concepts for system administrators and operators.
Advanced Server for OpenVMS Guide to Managing Advanced Server Licenses Describes the license server software and how to manage Advanced Server licenses.

The following table lists related OpenVMS documents.
OpenVMS Document Description
OpenVMS Alpha V7.2 Upgrade and Installation Manual Describes how to install the OpenVMS Alpha Version 7.2 system software, and how to set up the required system services, such as the OpenVMS Registry.
OpenVMS System Manager's Manual A task-oriented guide to managing an OpenVMS system, including procedures for enabling and setting up the OpenVMS Registry.
OpenVMS System Management Utilities Reference Manual A reference guide to the utilities and tools used in managing an OpenVMS system.
OpenVMS License Management Utility Manual Explains how to load and manage license Product Authorization Keys (PAKs)
OpenVMS Guide to Extended File Specifications Describes Extended File Specifications on OpenVMS, including how to set up and enable the ODS-5 file system.
OpenVMS V7.2 Guide to System Security Describes OpenVMS security features, including procedures for enabling external authentication.

Reader's Comments

Compaq welcomes your comments on this manual.

Print or edit the online form SYS$HELP:OPENVMSDOC_COMMENTS.TXT and send us your comments by:
Fax 603-884-0120, Attention: OSSG Documentation, ZKO3-4/U08
Mail Compaq Computer Corporation
OSSG Documentation Group, ZKO3-4/U08
110 Spit Brook Rd.
Nashua, NH 03062-2698

How To Order Additional Documentation

Use the following World Wide Web address to order additional documentation: 

If you need help deciding which documentation best meets your needs, call 800-DIGITAL (800-344-4825).


The following conventions are used in the Advanced Server documentation set:
Convention Meaning
Advanced Server Indicates the file and print server installed from the Advanced Server for OpenVMS software kit.
Ctrl/ x While you hold down the Ctrl key, press another key or a pointing device button.
Italic Indicates a place holder for information or parameters that you must provide. For example, if the procedure asks you to type file-name, you must type the actual name of a file.

Italics also indicate path names, new terms, and the titles of other documents.

bold Indicates a server configuration parameter name, a command button name, or a menu item.
monospace Indicates the actual commands, words, or characters that you type in a dialog box or at a command prompt or system output.
UPPERCASE TEXT Indicates names of OpenVMS and Advanced Server for OpenVMS commands and qualifiers. You can enter commands and qualifiers in any combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, unless otherwise noted.
/ A forward slash in command descriptions indicates that a command qualifier follows.
= An equal sign (=) in command descriptions indicates you must provide information.
[ ] In command format descriptions, indicates optional elements. Multiple elements are separated by vertical bars (|). You can enter as many as you want.
{ } In command format descriptions, indicates you must enter at least one listed element. The elements are separated by bars (|).
... A horizontal ellipsis following an entry in a command line indicates that the entry or a similar entry can be repeated any number of times. An ellipsis following a file name indicates that additional parameters, values, or information can be entered.
A vertical ellipsis in an example indicates that not all the data is shown.
Note Provides information of special importance.
Caution Provides information to avoid damaging hardware or software.

Chapter 1

Advanced Server software provides a flexible system for managing wide area networks (WANs) and local area networks (LANs). The Advanced Server software lets you use Compaq Computer Corporation computers as servers to share network resources with supported clients and is compatible with Window NT servers running in the same network.

The Advanced Server is an OpenVMS-based network operating system (NOS) compatible with Microsoft networking technology.

As a server for computers in a network, the Advanced Server provides file and print services that enable the efficient sharing of computing resources among a community of desktop users. It can function as a file and print server for a small, isolated community of users or as the foundation of a large network distributed over a wide geographical area.

You can perform Advanced Server management tasks from any client or server that is running Windows NT server administration tools, and from any Advanced Server using the Advanced Server ADMINISTER commands. This document shows you how to manage your servers using Advanced Server software.

This overview of Advanced Server describes the role of the network administrator, and the features available with Advanced Server, in the following sections:

1.1 The Role of the Administrator

When you administer any network, you plan, set up, and maintain that network. For information on planning and design, see the Advanced Server for OpenVMS Concepts and Planning Guide.

To plan a network, complete the following tasks:

After planning your network and putting all hardware and connecting links in place, you install and configure Advanced Server software. You can then use the instructions in this document to customize and manage the server.

1.1.1 Setting Up the Advanced Server Environment

As part of the installation, described in the Advanced Server for OpenVMS Server Installation and Configuration Guide, you specify parameters to establish your network. After installation, you can modify server configuration parameters in the OpenVMS Registry. For more information, see Section 7.2, Managing Server Configuration Parameters.

The Advanced Server Configuration Manager allows you to modify server parameter values, such as client capacity, OpenVMS process priority, and network transports. For more information, see Section 7.1, Using the Configuration Manager.

Initial server configuration is performed when you install and configure the server software. The initial configuration command procedure, PWRK$CONFIG.COM, allows you to invoke the Configuration Manager so you can specify server parameters during initial configuration. The initial configuration procedure is described in the Advanced Server for OpenVMS Server Installation and Configuration Guide. After you complete the initial installation and configuration, you can run the Configuration Manager to modify certain server configuration parameters, and you can modify the server configuration parameters in the OpenVMS Registry.

1.1.2 Administering the Network

Once you have planned and set up your overall network configuration, you support it by performing the following tasks: Maintaining User Accounts, Shares, and Resources

Performing this maintenance includes: Monitoring Events and Troubleshooting Server Problems

You may need to perform certain infrequently used procedures to resolve network problems caused by unexpected conditions; for example, faulty wiring, faulty hardware, or overloaded servers or printers. Advanced Server provides commands and diagnostic tools to help you isolate and fix such problems.

Chapter 6, Monitoring Events and Troubleshooting, describes some ways to monitor and troubleshoot your network.

1.2 The Advanced Server Network

An Advanced Server network consists of computers, both servers and clients. Servers control resources that client systems on the network can use. Clients are typically PC-based systems that need access to resources on the server. Workstations and other computers running networking software that can access network resources can be clients.

Supported client operating systems include Windows 3.11, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT, Windows for Workgroups, and MS-DOS. Compaq Advanced Server client software is supported but not required.

Servers can run the following software:

1.2.1 Domains

To help you manage a large and diverse network, Advanced Server software lets you divide the network into domains, or administrative groups of servers and clients. With domains, control of user access to the network and its resources is centralized and simplified, and you can establish exactly which servers a specific user can access.

A domain is a collection of computers that share a common user accounts database and security policy. You create a domain when you install and configure a primary domain controller. To enable users to access resources in domains where they have no user accounts, you can establish trust relationships between domains. This provides flexibility when configuring large networks with multiple domains. For more information about planning domains, see the Advanced Server for OpenVMS Concepts and Planning Guide. For more information on managing domains, see Chapter 2, Managing Domains and Servers.

1.2.2 Security

Advanced Server provides two security models:

The Advanced Server Only security model provides access based on Advanced Server user account security policies and user access rights on shared resources. The Advanced Server and OpenVMS security model provides access based on both Advanced Server and OpenVMS security policies. This is useful for network users who also require OpenVMS security enforcement.

1.2.3 Users

A user who needs access to resources shared on a server must have access to one of the following:

The user account, with its associated password, identifies the user to the Advanced Server software. You can enable logon restrictions for each user account; for example, limiting the hours during which the user can access server resources.

By default, a shared resource is available to all users. You can assign access permissions to users for resources, specifying the type of access each user can have to a resource. You can assign a different set of permissions for each user and for each shared resource. If you use the Advanced Server Only security model, access permissions grant access to OpenVMS files and directories on the server, regardless of the OpenVMS file protections. For more information on the interaction of these two access permissions, see Section 4.1.2,Advanced Server Security Models.

If a trust relationship has been established between the two domains, you can grant access to resources for users from other domains. To grant permissions to a user from another domain, include the domain name when you specify the user name.

1.2.4 Groups

To simplify administration of access permissions, you define groups of users. The members of a group are users and other groups. Groups provide an easy way to grant common capabilities to several users; group permissions are provided to all its members. A group can be either local or global.

A global group is a collection of user accounts allowed to access resources in one domain. It can also be assigned permissions to use resources in a trusting domain. A global group:

A local group can include users and global groups from its own domain and from trusted domains. Thus, it provides access to resources in its domain to users in its domain and in trusted domains.

If a trust relationship has been established between the two domains, you can grant access to resources for groups from other domains. To grant permissions to the members of a group from another domain, include the domain name when you specify the group name.

For more information about groups, see Chapter 3, Managing Users and Groups.

Next Contents Index